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    • تاریخ ارائه: 1392/07/24
    • تاریخ انتشار در تی پی بین: 1392/07/24
    • تعداد بازدید: 1137
    • تعداد پرسش و پاسخ ها: 0
    • شماره تماس دبیرخانه رویداد: -
    sedimentation of particles in a fluid has long been used to characterize particle size distribution. stokes’ law is used to determine an unknown distribution of spherical particle sizes by measuring the time required for the particles to settle a known distance in a fluid of known viscosity and density. in this paper, we study the effects of gravity on sedimentation by examining the resulting particle concentration distributed in an equilibrium profile of concentration cm,n above the bottom of a container. this is for an experiment on the surface of the earth and therefore the acceleration of gravity had been corrected for the oblateness of the earth and its rotation. next, at the orbital altitude of the spacecraft in orbit around earth the acceleration due to the central field is corrected for the oblateness of the earth. our results show that for experiments taking place in circular or elliptical orbits of various inclinations around the earth the concentration ratio cm,n/cm,ave, the inclination seems to be the most ineffective in affecting the concentration among all the orbital elements. for orbital experi- ment that use particles of diameter dp = 0.001 μm theconcentration ratios for circular and slightly elliptical orbits in the range e = 0–0.1 exhibit a 0.009 % difference. the concentration ratio increases with the increase of eccentricity, which increases more for particles of larger diameters. finally, for particles of the same diameter concentration ratios between earth and mars surface experiments are related in the following way c(m,n)earth = 0.99962c(m,n)mars.

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