• novel and functional variants within the tbx18 gene promoter in ventricular septal defects

    جزئیات بیشتر مقاله
    • تاریخ ارائه: 1392/07/24
    • تاریخ انتشار در تی پی بین: 1392/07/24
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    novel and functional variants within the tbx18 gene promoter in ventricular septal defects
     
    congenital heart disease (chd) is the most common birth defect in humans. genetic causes for chd remain largely unknown. t-box transcription factor 18 (tbx18) gene is expressed in the developing heart, including myocardium of the left ventricle and interventricular septum. epicardial cells expressing tbx18 gene contribute to the cardiac fibroblast and smooth muscle cells. we speculated that the dna sequence variants (dsvs) within tbx18 gene promoter may mediate chd development by affecting tbx18 levels and the cardiac gene regulatory network. in this study, we genetically and functionally analyzed the tbx18 gene promoter in patients with ventricular septal defects (vsd) (n = 326) and ethnic-matched healthy controls (n = 327). three novel heterozygous dsvs (g.85474435del, g.85474418c>t, and g.85473965c>g) and one single nucleotide polymorphism (g.85474871c>t, rs77693245) were identified in vsd patients, but none in the controls. functional analysis revealed that the dsvs (g.85474871c>t, g.85474435del, and g.85473965c>g) significantly decreased the transcriptional activities of the tbx18 gene promoter. the effect of dsv (g.85474418c>t) on the tbx18 gene promoter was marginal, but not significant. therefore, the dsvs within the tbx18 gene promoter identified in vsd patients may be involved in the vsd etiology.

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