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  • observations of acoustically generated cavitation bubbles within typical fluids applied to a scroll expander lubrication system

    جزئیات بیشتر مقاله
    • تاریخ ارائه: 1392/07/24
    • تاریخ انتشار در تی پی بین: 1392/07/24
    • تعداد بازدید: 954
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    • شماره تماس دبیرخانه رویداد: -
    observations of acoustically generated cavitation bubbles within typical fluids applied to a scroll expander lubrication system
     
    an experimental study to evaluate the dynamic performance of three different types of cavitation bubbles is conducted. an ultrasonic transducer submerged into the working fluids of a scroll expander is utilised to produce cavitation bubbles and a high speed camera device is used to capture their behaviour. three critical regions around the ultrasonic source, between the source and the solid boundary, and across the solid boundary were observed. experimental results revealed that refrigerant bubbles sustain a continuous oscillatory movement, referenced as ‘‘wobbling effect’’, without regularly collapsing. analytical results indicate the influence of several factors such as surface tension/viscosity ratio, reynolds number and weber number which interpret that particular behaviour of the refrigerant bubbles. within the refrigerant environment the bubbles obtain large reynolds numbers and low weber numbers. in contrast, within the lubricant and the water environment weber number is significantly higher and reynolds number substantially lower. the bubble radius and velocity alterations are accurately calculated during the cavitation process. lubricant bubbles achieve the highest jet velocity while refrigerant bubbles having the lowest jet velocity are not considered as a destructive mean of cavitation for scroll expander systems.

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