• the role of the nickel catalyst and its chemical and structural evolution during carbon nanopearl growth

    جزئیات بیشتر مقاله
    • تاریخ ارائه: 1392/07/24
    • تاریخ انتشار در تی پی بین: 1392/07/24
    • تعداد بازدید: 800
    • تعداد پرسش و پاسخ ها: 0
    • شماره تماس دبیرخانه رویداد: -
     the role of the nickel catalyst size and its chemical and structural evolution during the early stages of carbon nanopearl nucleation and growth, by chemical vapor deposition from acetylene/argon mixture, were investigated and correlated with the resulting nanopearls’ morphological and structural properties. carbon nanopearls were grown using ni nanoparticles that were 20 nm and 100 nm in size, at a growth temperature of 850°c, for the following growth times: 10 s, 30 s, 60 s, 90 s, 120 s, and 300 s. x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, raman spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were performed on the carbon nanopearl samples. the x-ray diffraction and x-ray photoelectron spectra showed that the following chemical constituents were present during the growth of carbon nanopearls: nio, ni2o3, ni3c, ni, co, and c (both amorphous and graphite). transmission electron microscopy showed an increase in carbon nanopearl size with larger ni nanoparticles. raman results concluded that the smaller catalyst resulted in a more crystalline graphitic structure. finally, the results showed that the 20 nm ni nanoparticles chemically reacted sooner than the 100 nm ni nanoparticles.

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