• the preparation of organo-bentonite by a new gemini and its monomer surfactants and the application in mo removal: a comparative study

    جزئیات بیشتر مقاله
    • تاریخ ارائه: 1392/01/01
    • تاریخ انتشار در تی پی بین: 1392/01/01
    • تعداد بازدید: 863
    • تعداد پرسش و پاسخ ها: 0
    • شماره تماس دبیرخانه رویداد: -
     gemini surfactant, 1,1′-(butane-1,4-diyl)-bis(3-(tetradecyloxycarbonyl)pyridinium) dibromide (designated as ng), and the corresponding monomer, 1-ethyl-3-(tetradecyloxycarbonyl)pyridinium bromide (ns), were prepared and utilized to modify sodium bentonite (na-bt). the surfactant modified bentonites (ng-bt for the gemini modified bentonite and ns-bt for the monomer modified one) were then used for methyl orange (mo) removal from the wastewater. the results indicated that the gemini surfactant ng was more effective than the monomer ns at expanding the interlayer space of na-bt and in removing mo from wastewater. the maximum basal spacing of ng-bt (4.02 nm) was almost twice as that of ns-bt (2.63 nm). mo removal efficiency was 9.68% for 4.0ns-bt and 99.88% for 4.0ng-bt at a dosage of 0.06 g, respectively. ns easily intercalated into the interlayer of na-bt, however more ng mainly stayed on the solid surface owing to its bigger head. the adsorption of both ng and ns on na-bt obeyed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and langmuir isotherms. the solid-state uv–vis spectrometry evidenced the formed complex of ng/ns with mo on na-bt, and the stronger interaction of ng-bt with mo.

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